OPAVA


OPAVA
OPAVA (Ger. Troppau), city in N. Silesia, Czech Republic. A tale about 27 Jews being executed for well-poisoning in Opava in 1163 is probably unreliable. A Jewish community is first mentioned in 1281. Although their expulsion is not documented it is recorded that in 1501 Jews were permitted to return and buyback their houses. Jews from osoblaha (Hotzenplotz) traded in Opava. In 1737, 20 Jewish families lived in the duchy. Several Jewish families lived in Opava at the beginning of the 19th century, and their number increased after the 1848 Revolution. At the end of the 19th century Opava became a center of the schoenerer brand of German nationalism, and the community suffered from antisemitic attacks. The community developed, inspired by its rabbi, Simon Friedmann, an ardent Zionist from his student days. In 1923 a progressive community statute was introduced. On the outskirts of Opava in the 1920s the training farm, Komorau, was a center of the He-Ḥalutz movement. The community numbered 134 in 1867, 1,127 in 1921, and in 1931, 971 (2.6% of the total population), 502 of whom declared their nationality as Jewish. At the time of the Sudeten crisis the community dispersed, sharing the fate of the Jews of the Protectorate. The synagogue was set on fire by the Nazis. After the war the community was revived, mainly by Jews from Subcarpathian Ruthenia. In 1959 it was affiliated with the Ostrava community and it was still active in 1970 as a synagogue congregation. Virtually no Jews lived there at the turn of the century. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Germ Jud, 1 (1963), 387–8; 2 (1968), 834; Bondy-Dworský, nos. 305, 309, 1110; A. Engel, in: JGGJČ, 2 (1930), 59, 84; A. Cassuto, in: Zeitschrift fuer Geschichte der Juden in der Tschechoslowakei, 1 (1930), 81–90; J. Nirtl, ibid., 4 (1934), 41–43; B. Brilling, in: Judaica Bohemiae, 4 (1968), 101–18, passim; B. Bretholz, Quellen zur Geschichte der Juden in Maehren (1935), index; Yad Vashem Archives. (Meir Lamed)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Opava — Opava …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Opava — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Opava — Opava, tschech. Name der Stadt Troppau (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Opava — (Czech), Opavia (Latin), Opawa (Polish), Troppau (German) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Opava — This article is about the city in the Czech Republic. For other uses, see Opava (disambiguation) Coordinates: 49°56′N 17°54′E / 49.933°N 17.9°E …   Wikipedia

  • Opava — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Opava, ville de République tchèque, connue jusqu en 1918 sous le nom allemand de Troppau ; Opava, ville de Slovaquie ; Opava, rivière tchèque… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Opava — Original name in latin Opava Name in other language Gorad Opava, Opava, Opawa, Oppavia, Troppau, Uopawa, ao pa wa, awpawa, opaba, opavuOpavaa, Горад Опава, Опава State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.93866 latitude 17.90257… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Opava — Sp Òpava Ap Opava L u. ir mst. Čekijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Opava — ▪ Czech Republic German  Troppau , Polish  Opawa        city, northeastern Czech Republic. It lies along the Opava River near the Polish border and is northwest of Ostrava, from which it is separated by part of the wooded Oder Hills.       First… …   Universalium

  • Opava — (al. Troppau) ► C. de la República Checa, en la prov. de Moravia Septentrional, próxima a la frontera polaca; 63 601 h …   Enciclopedia Universal


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